Alfred Newman was an American composer, arranger, and conductor of music for films.
In a career which spanned over forty years, Newman composed music for over two hundred films. He was one of the most respected film score composers of his time, and is today regarded as one of the greatest film score composers in history. Along with such composers as Max Steiner, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Franz Waxman, and Miklós Rózsa, Newman played a major part in creating the tradition of composing original music for films.
Newman also conducted the music for many film adaptations of Broadway musicals, as well as many original Hollywood musicals. He won Oscars for adapting the scores of such noted musicals as The King and I, Camelot, and Call Me Madam, as well as for adapting the songs in such Hollywood musicals as the Betty Grable vehicle Mother Wore Tights. He conducted the orchestra for all of the film adaptations of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals except for Oklahoma! and The Sound of Music. He also conducted the orchestra for the only musical that Rodgers and Hammerstein wrote specifically for film, State Fair, and its 1962 remake.
Newman won nine Academy Awards, more than any other composer in Oscar history, and second only to Walt Disney for the most wins by an individual. He was nominated a total of 45 times, making him the second most nominated person in the history of the Academy Award, again second to Disney and tied with John Williams.