Lauren Bacall is an American film and stage actress and model, known for her husky voice and sultry looks.
She first emerged as leading lady in the film noir genre, including appearances in The Big Sleep and Dark Passage, as well as a comedian in How to Marry a Millionaire and Designing Woman. Bacall has also worked in the Broadway musical, gaining Tony Awards for Applause in 1970 and Woman of the Year in 1981. Her performance in the movie The Mirror Has Two Faces earned her a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination.
In 1999, Bacall was ranked as one of the 25 actresses on the AFI's 100 Years. 100 Stars list by the American Film Institute. In 2009, she was selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Academy Honorary Award at the inaugural Governors Awards.
Born in New York City, Bacall was the only child of Natalie Weinstein-Bacal, a secretary who later legally changed her surname to Bacall, and William Perske, who worked in sales. Her parents were Jewish immigrants, their families having come from Poland, Romania and Germany. She is first cousin to Shimon Peres, current President and former Prime Minister of Israel. Her parents divorced when she was five, and she took her mother's last name, Bacall. Bacall no longer saw her father and formed a close bond with her mother, whom she took with her to California when she became a movie star.